Anxiety Symptomatology: The Association With Distress Tolerance and Anxiety Sensitivity

Meghan E. Keough, Christina J. Riccardi, Kiara R Timpano, Melissa A. Mitchell, Norman B. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research focused on psychological risk factors for anxiety psychopathology has led to better conceptualization of these conditions as well as pointed toward preventative interventions. Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been well-established as an anxiety risk factor, while distress tolerance (DT) is a related construct that has received little empirical exploration within the anxiety psychopathology literature. The current investigation sought to extend the existing literature by examining both DT and the relationship between DT and AS across a number of anxiety symptom dimensions, including panic, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive anxiety. Participants (N=418) completed a number of measures that assessed DT, AS, anxiety symptomatology, and negative affect. Findings indicated that DT was uniquely associated with panic, obsessive compulsive, general worry, and social anxiety symptoms, but that DT and AS were not synergistically associated with each of these symptom dimensions. These findings indicate that an inability to tolerate emotional distress is associated with an increased vulnerability to experience certain anxiety symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-574
Number of pages8
JournalBehavior Therapy
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Panic
Psychopathology
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Anxiety Symptomatology : The Association With Distress Tolerance and Anxiety Sensitivity. / Keough, Meghan E.; Riccardi, Christina J.; Timpano, Kiara R; Mitchell, Melissa A.; Schmidt, Norman B.

In: Behavior Therapy, Vol. 41, No. 4, 01.12.2010, p. 567-574.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keough, Meghan E. ; Riccardi, Christina J. ; Timpano, Kiara R ; Mitchell, Melissa A. ; Schmidt, Norman B. / Anxiety Symptomatology : The Association With Distress Tolerance and Anxiety Sensitivity. In: Behavior Therapy. 2010 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 567-574.
@article{ca812a67002644fab5e8659987d8c7b7,
title = "Anxiety Symptomatology: The Association With Distress Tolerance and Anxiety Sensitivity",
abstract = "Research focused on psychological risk factors for anxiety psychopathology has led to better conceptualization of these conditions as well as pointed toward preventative interventions. Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been well-established as an anxiety risk factor, while distress tolerance (DT) is a related construct that has received little empirical exploration within the anxiety psychopathology literature. The current investigation sought to extend the existing literature by examining both DT and the relationship between DT and AS across a number of anxiety symptom dimensions, including panic, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive anxiety. Participants (N=418) completed a number of measures that assessed DT, AS, anxiety symptomatology, and negative affect. Findings indicated that DT was uniquely associated with panic, obsessive compulsive, general worry, and social anxiety symptoms, but that DT and AS were not synergistically associated with each of these symptom dimensions. These findings indicate that an inability to tolerate emotional distress is associated with an increased vulnerability to experience certain anxiety symptoms.",
author = "Keough, {Meghan E.} and Riccardi, {Christina J.} and Timpano, {Kiara R} and Mitchell, {Melissa A.} and Schmidt, {Norman B.}",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.beth.2010.04.002",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "567--574",
journal = "Behavior Therapy",
issn = "0005-7894",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anxiety Symptomatology

T2 - The Association With Distress Tolerance and Anxiety Sensitivity

AU - Keough, Meghan E.

AU - Riccardi, Christina J.

AU - Timpano, Kiara R

AU - Mitchell, Melissa A.

AU - Schmidt, Norman B.

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - Research focused on psychological risk factors for anxiety psychopathology has led to better conceptualization of these conditions as well as pointed toward preventative interventions. Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been well-established as an anxiety risk factor, while distress tolerance (DT) is a related construct that has received little empirical exploration within the anxiety psychopathology literature. The current investigation sought to extend the existing literature by examining both DT and the relationship between DT and AS across a number of anxiety symptom dimensions, including panic, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive anxiety. Participants (N=418) completed a number of measures that assessed DT, AS, anxiety symptomatology, and negative affect. Findings indicated that DT was uniquely associated with panic, obsessive compulsive, general worry, and social anxiety symptoms, but that DT and AS were not synergistically associated with each of these symptom dimensions. These findings indicate that an inability to tolerate emotional distress is associated with an increased vulnerability to experience certain anxiety symptoms.

AB - Research focused on psychological risk factors for anxiety psychopathology has led to better conceptualization of these conditions as well as pointed toward preventative interventions. Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been well-established as an anxiety risk factor, while distress tolerance (DT) is a related construct that has received little empirical exploration within the anxiety psychopathology literature. The current investigation sought to extend the existing literature by examining both DT and the relationship between DT and AS across a number of anxiety symptom dimensions, including panic, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive anxiety. Participants (N=418) completed a number of measures that assessed DT, AS, anxiety symptomatology, and negative affect. Findings indicated that DT was uniquely associated with panic, obsessive compulsive, general worry, and social anxiety symptoms, but that DT and AS were not synergistically associated with each of these symptom dimensions. These findings indicate that an inability to tolerate emotional distress is associated with an increased vulnerability to experience certain anxiety symptoms.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78049237663&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78049237663&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.beth.2010.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.beth.2010.04.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 21035619

AN - SCOPUS:78049237663

VL - 41

SP - 567

EP - 574

JO - Behavior Therapy

JF - Behavior Therapy

SN - 0005-7894

IS - 4

ER -