Anxiety in ethnic minority youth: Methodological and conceptual issues and review of the literature

Steven A. Safren, R. Emily Gonzalez, Kelly J. Horner, Anna W. Leung, Richard G. Heimberg, Harlan R. Juster

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Although current research has documented a relatively high prevalence of anxiety disorders in American youth, this research has been conducted mainly with nonminority samples. Fair treatment and increasing numbers of ethnic minority persons in the United States require that more should be known about minority youth. However, research with majority youth cannot be safely generalized to minority youth for several reasons, such as potential differences in the manifestation of anxiety, differences in style of response to assessment devices, and different life circumstances. This review is presented in two major sections. First, the authors address definition of terms and fully examine the significance of studying anxiety in ethnic minority youth. Also considered are methodological issues such as sampling and participation biases. Second, the authors review anxiety in ethnic minority children and adolescents in the United States including studies addressing fears, worries, trait anxiety, test anxiety, and anxiety disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-183
Number of pages37
JournalBehavior Modification
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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