Anxiety and depression in the aged with sleep disturbances

M. R. Davis, D. Cohen, C. Eisdorfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Eighty-one men and women, ages 61-81, with persistent complaints of sleep disturbance, who volunteered for a double-blind study of experimental hypnotic medication, were assessed using the Zung self-rating anxiety and depression scales. Levels of depression (x̄ = 48.6, SD = 9.1) in our group were no higher than levels previously reported for the normal aged, a finding inconsistent with reports of higher depression in younger and middle-aged populations with sleep disturbance. Levels of anxiety (x̄ = 45.3, SD = 7.5) were significantly elevated with respect to normative values for the aged. The possible relationship of heightened autonomic nervous system activity to complaints of sleep disturbance is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Gerontology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging


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