Superantigens stimulate T cells bearing certain TCR β-chain variable regions when bound to MHC II molecules. We investigated whether the superantigen toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST1) could induce an antitumor immune response when anchored onto MHC II-negative tumor cells. Our approach was to facilitate association of TSST1 with cell membranes by fusing its coding region to the transmembrane region (TM) sequence of the proto-oncogene c-erb-B-2. TSST1-TM was expressed in bacteria with an N-terminal histidine tag and purified using nickel-agarose affinity chromatography. Purified TSST1-TM added to cultures of several different MHC II-negative tumor cells spontaneously associated with cell membranes, as detected by flow cytometry. Because superantigens can direct cell-mediated cytotoxicity against MHC II- positive cells, a TM fusion protein lacking the TSST1 MHC II binding domain (TSST88-194-TM) was also constructed. Tumor cells precoated with TSST1- TM or TSST88-194-TM stimulated proliferation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro whereas uncoated tumor cells did not. Mice preimmunized with TSST1-TM- or TSST88-194-TM-coated tumor cells mounted a systemic response that resulted in significant antitumor immunity as measured by regression of a parental tumor challenge. TSST1-TM and TSST88-194-TM fusion proteins represent a useful new strategy for attaching superantigens or potentially other proteins onto tumor cell surfaces without genetic manipulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Dec 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy