Antisocial psychopathy and HIV risk among alcohol and other drug (AOD) abusing adolescent offenders

Robert M. Malow, Jessy Dévieux, Rhonda Rosenberg, Madhavan Nair, Robert McMahon, Emma J. Brown, Seth C. Kalichman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

While the consensus is that HIV prevalence has remained low among adolescent offenders, the prevalence of STDs and HIV transmission risk behaviors is alarming, particularly for those abusing alcohol and other drugs and those displaying antisocial or conduct disorder characteristics. In the current study, 269 male and 110 female inner city, culturally diverse alcohol and other drug (AOD) abusing adolescent offenders completed measures of (a) psychopathy, using the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI) (b) HIV transmission risk behavior, (c) prevention skills and attitudes and (d) social desirability. Results showed that those with high levels of psychopathy reported more AOD use, overall unprotected sex and more sexual activity when influenced by alcohol and/or marijuana. High psychopathy adolescent offenders also reported lower self-efficacy and sexual response-efficacy, less favorable safer sex and condom attitudes and less favorable intentions to engage in safer sex behaviors, when controlling for social desirability. Data suggest that adolescent offenders, who are either in court-ordered treatment or detention, should be assessed for psychopathy and provided with tailored risk reduction interventions, geared toward attitudinal and behavioral change. A discussion of integrating neurobiological measures to improve the next generation of tailored interventions for this risk group is offered in conclusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-239
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume3
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Alcohol and other drug (AOD) abusing
  • Antisocial psychopathy
  • HIV
  • Millon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Malow, R. M., Dévieux, J., Rosenberg, R., Nair, M., McMahon, R., Brown, E. J., & Kalichman, S. C. (2007). Antisocial psychopathy and HIV risk among alcohol and other drug (AOD) abusing adolescent offenders. American Journal of Infectious Diseases, 3(4), 230-239.