Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells treated in vitro with constituents of a product derived from Pistacia lentiscus L. var. chia

K. V. Balan, J. Prince, Z. Han, K. Dimas, M. Cladaras, J. H. Wyche, N. M. Sitaras, P. Pantazis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this report, we demonstrate that a 50% ethanol extract of the plant-derived product, Chios mastic gum (CMG), contains compounds which inhibit proliferation and induce death of HCT116 human colon cancer cells in vitro. CMG-treatment induces cell arrest at G1, detachment of the cells from the substrate, activation of pro-caspases-8, -9 and -3, and causes several morphological changes typical of apoptosis in cell organelles. These events, furthermore, are time- and dose-dependent, but p53- and p21-independent. Apoptosis induction by CMG is not inhibited in HCT116 cell clones expressing high levels of the anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2, or dominant-negative FADD, thereby indicating that CMG induces cell death via a yet-to-be identified pathway, unrelated to the death receptor- and mitochondrion-dependent pathways. The findings presented here suggest that CMG (a) induces an anoikis form of cell death in HCT116 colon cancer cells that includes events associated with caspase-dependent pathways; and (b) might be developed into a chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of human colon and other cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-272
Number of pages10
JournalPhytomedicine
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2007

Fingerprint

Pistacia
Pistacia lentiscus
Cell death
colorectal neoplasms
Colonic Neoplasms
Clone cells
apoptosis
Cells
Apoptosis
Death Domain Receptors
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
Mitochondria
Caspase 8
Plant Extracts
Caspases
cell death
Ethanol
Chemical activation
cells
caspase-8

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Chios mastic gum
  • Colon cancer cells
  • Pistacia lentiscus L. var. chia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells treated in vitro with constituents of a product derived from Pistacia lentiscus L. var. chia. / Balan, K. V.; Prince, J.; Han, Z.; Dimas, K.; Cladaras, M.; Wyche, J. H.; Sitaras, N. M.; Pantazis, P.

In: Phytomedicine, Vol. 14, No. 4, 10.04.2007, p. 263-272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Balan, K. V. ; Prince, J. ; Han, Z. ; Dimas, K. ; Cladaras, M. ; Wyche, J. H. ; Sitaras, N. M. ; Pantazis, P. / Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells treated in vitro with constituents of a product derived from Pistacia lentiscus L. var. chia. In: Phytomedicine. 2007 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 263-272.
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