Antiparasitic activities and toxicities of individual enantiomers of the 8-aminoquinoline 8-[(4-amino-1-methylbutyl)amino]-6-methoxy-4-methyl-5-[3,4- dichlorophenoxy]quinoline succinate

N. P.Dhammika Nanayakkara, Arba L. Ager, Marilyn S. Bartlett, Vanessa Yardley, Simon L. Croft, Ikhlas A. Khan, James D. McChesney, Larry A. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

8-Aminoquinolines are an important class of antiparasitic agents, with broad utility and excellent efficacy, but also limitations due to hematological toxicities, primarily methemoglobinemia and hemolysis. One representative from this class, (±)-8-[(4-amino-1-methylbutyl)amino]-6-methoxy-4-methyl-5-[3, 4-dichlorophenoxy]quinoline succinate (NPC1161C), proved extremely efficacious in animal models of malaria and pneumocystis pneumonia. This racemic mixture was separated into its component enantiomers by chemical and chromatographic means. The enantiomers were evaluated for antiparasitic activity in murine models of Plasmodium berghei, Pneumocystis carinii, and Leishmania donovani infection, as well as the propensity to elicit hematotoxicity in dogs. The (-)-enantiomer NPC1161B was found to be more active (by severalfold, depending on the dosing regimen) than the (+)-enantiomer NPC1161A in all of these murine models. In addition, the (-) enantiomer showed markedly reduced general toxicity in mice and reduced hematotoxicity in the dog model of methemoglobinemia. It is concluded that the configuration at the asymmetric center in the 8-amino side chain differentially affects efficacy and toxicity profiles and thus may be an important determinant of the "therapeutic window" for compounds in this class.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2130-2137
Number of pages8
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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