Antiestrogen resistance in ER positive breast cancer cells

Soonmyoung Paik, Dan Paul Hartmann, Robert B. Dickson, Marc E. Lippman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Acquisition of the antiestrogen resistance by breast cancer cells in vivo may result from a variety of mechanisms. The main pathway appears to involve loss of estrogen receptor (ER) expression or selection for ER negative cells among heterogenous population of tumor cells. However, clinical data suggest that, in about 30% of the cases, antiestrogen resistance arises even in the presence of estrogen receptors. Postulated mechanisms leading to the latter phenotype include selection for variant receptor forms during treatment, development of novel metabolic pathways for the drug, loss of nuclear co-factors, or activation of signal transduction pathway that cross activate ER signals. We have used an in vitro experimental system utilizing LY-2 cell line, an ER positive and antiestrogen resistant MCF-7 cell variant, to study the mechanism of antiestrogen resistance in the presence of functional ER. Result from a complementation experiment suggests that LY-2 phenotype is a recessive trait. Cloning of the genetic defect in the LY-2 cells would provide further insight for the mechanism of antiestrogen resistance in ER positive breast cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-307
Number of pages7
JournalBreast cancer research and treatment
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994


  • antiestrogen resistance
  • breast cancer
  • estrogen receptor
  • tamoxifen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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