Anti-Effeminacy Moderates the Relationship Between Masculinity and Internalized Heterosexism Among Gay Men

Michael A.J. Murgo, Kiet D. Huynh, Debbiesiu Lee, Joan C. Chrisler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Internalized heterosexism (IH) is linked to negative mental health outcomes among people who are lesbian, gay, and bisexual. This study examined whether anti-effeminacy moderates the relationship between masculinity and IH among gay men in the United States. The participants were 239 gay men who completed measures of masculinity, anti-effeminacy, and IH. Results indicated that anti-effeminacy and masculinity predicted IH and that anti-effeminacy moderated the relationship between masculinity and IH. These findings suggest that, to reduce IH and its deleterious mental health effects, counselors should work with their male clients who are gay to reduce their anti-effeminacy and sexism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-118
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of LGBT Issues in Counseling
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 3 2017



  • anti-effeminacy
  • gay
  • gay men
  • internalized heterosexism
  • LGB counseling
  • masculinity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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