Anti-CD11d monoclonal antibody treatment for rat spinal cord compression injury

Andres Hurtado, Alexander Marcillo, Beata Frydel, Mary Bartlett Bunge, Helen M. Bramlett, W. Dalton Dietrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was initiated due to an NIH "Facilities of Research-Spinal Cord Injury" contract to support independent replication of published studies. Transient blockage of the CD11d/CD18 integrin has been reported to reduce secondary neuronal damage as well as to improve functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. The purpose of this study was to determine whether treatment with an anti-CD11d monoclonal antibody (mAb) would improve motor performance, reduce pain and histopathological damage in animals following clip-compression injury as reported. Adult male Wistar rats (250. g) were anesthetized with isoflurane, and the T12 spinal cord exposed by T10 and T11 dorsal laminectomies followed by a 60. s period of clip compression utilizing a 35. g clip. Control animals received an isotype-matched irrelevant antibody (1B7) while the treated group received the anti-CD11d mAb (217. L; 1.0. mg/kg) systemically. Open-field locomotion and sensory function were assessed and animals were perfusion-fixed at twelve weeks after injury for quantitative histopathological analysis. As compared to 1B7, 217. L treated animals showed an overall non-significant trend to better motor recovery. All animals showed chronic mechanical allodynia and anti-CD11d mAb treatment did not significantly prevent its development. Histopathological analysis demonstrated severe injury to gray and white matter after compression with a non-significant trend in anti-CD11d protection compared to control animals for preserved myelin. Although positive effects with the anti-CD11d mAb treatment have been reported after compressive SCI, it is suggested that this potential treatment requires further investigation before clinical trials in spinal cord injured patients are implemented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)606-611
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental neurology
Volume233
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Integrin
  • Locomotor
  • Rat
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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