Anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity in childhood cancer survivors

Steven E Lipshultz, Ruchika Karnik, Peter Sambatakos, Vivian I. Franco, Samuel W. Ross, Tracie L Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anthracyclines have markedly improved the survival rates of children with cancer. However, anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity is also well recognized and can compromise the long-term outcome in some patients. The challenge remains of how to balance the chemotherapeutic effects of anthracycline treatment with its potentially serious cardiovascular complications. Here, we review the pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical manifestations, prevention, and treatment of anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity. RECENT FINDINGS: Some risk factors and biomarkers associated with an increased probability of anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity have been identified. Modifying the structural forms and dosages of anthracyclines and coadministering cardioprotective agents may prevent some of these cardiotoxic effects. Cardiovascular complications have also been treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, β-blockers, and growth hormone replacement therapy. Cardiac transplantation remains the treatment of last resort. SUMMARY: Despite major advances in cancer treatment, anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in survivors of childhood cancer. Promising areas of research include: use of biomarkers for early recognition of cardiac injury in children receiving chemotherapy, development and application of cardioprotective agents for prevention of cardiotoxicity, and advancements in therapies for cardiac dysfunction in children after anthracycline treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Opinion in Cardiology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Anthracyclines
Survivors
Neoplasms
Cardiotonic Agents
Biomarkers
Therapeutics
Second Primary Neoplasms
Cardiotoxicity
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Dosage Forms
Heart Transplantation
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Growth Hormone
Survival Rate
Morbidity
Drug Therapy
Mortality
Wounds and Injuries
Research

Keywords

  • anthracyclines
  • cardiotoxicity
  • childhood cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Lipshultz, S. E., Karnik, R., Sambatakos, P., Franco, V. I., Ross, S. W., & Miller, T. L. (2014). Anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity in childhood cancer survivors. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 29(1), 103-112. https://doi.org/10.1097/HCO.0000000000000034

Anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity in childhood cancer survivors. / Lipshultz, Steven E; Karnik, Ruchika; Sambatakos, Peter; Franco, Vivian I.; Ross, Samuel W.; Miller, Tracie L.

In: Current Opinion in Cardiology, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 103-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lipshultz, SE, Karnik, R, Sambatakos, P, Franco, VI, Ross, SW & Miller, TL 2014, 'Anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity in childhood cancer survivors', Current Opinion in Cardiology, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 103-112. https://doi.org/10.1097/HCO.0000000000000034
Lipshultz SE, Karnik R, Sambatakos P, Franco VI, Ross SW, Miller TL. Anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity in childhood cancer survivors. Current Opinion in Cardiology. 2014 Jan 1;29(1):103-112. https://doi.org/10.1097/HCO.0000000000000034
Lipshultz, Steven E ; Karnik, Ruchika ; Sambatakos, Peter ; Franco, Vivian I. ; Ross, Samuel W. ; Miller, Tracie L. / Anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity in childhood cancer survivors. In: Current Opinion in Cardiology. 2014 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 103-112.
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