A patient with a history of chronic rhinitis, sinusitis, and bronchial asthma developed a unilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and a mild sensory motor neuropathy as the initial manifestation of systemic vasculitis. We made a probable diagnosis of Churg-Strauss syndrome. Fluorescein angiography showed delayed choroidal perfusion in both eyes. Marked eosinophilia, increased sedimentation rate, and elevated perinuclear anti- neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody and anti-myeloperoxidase antibody titers were the main laboratory abnormalities that supported this diagnosis. Therapy with high-dose methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide may have preserved vision in the better seeing eye, improved its choroidal circulation, and reversed the laboratory abnormalities except for a mild persistent eosinophilia. The neuropathy is gradually improving.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology