Anger and Approach: Reply to Watson (2009) and to Tomarken and Zald (2009)

Charles S. Carver, Eddie Harmon-Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


C. S. Carver and E. Harmon-Jones (2009) reviewed evidence consistent with the idea that anger arises from a behavioral approach system. Commentary on that article by A. J. Tomarken and D. H. Zald (2009) raised questions about the many elements involved in acts of approach and limitations on what information can be provided by electroencephalograms. Commentary by D. Watson (2009) raised questions about the extensive psychometric evidence linking the negative affects. This article responds briefly to these issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-217
Number of pages3
JournalPsychological Bulletin
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2009


  • affect
  • anger
  • approach
  • electroencephalogram
  • mood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science


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