Patients presenting for carotid endarterectomy provide anesthesiologists with many challenges. These include optimization of cerebrovascular hemodynamics and oxygen balance, as well as minimizing myocardial risk. Fiscal pressures have encouraged the development of clinical pathways in many centers, with a remarkable trend towards decreased intensive care unit utilization and length of hospital stay. Anesthetic and surgical practices vary widely, but outcomes in these high-risk patients are usually excellent despite these differences. The potential for expanded indications for carotid endarterectomy and development of percutaneous treatment for carotid stenosis will provide neurovascular anesthesiologists with additional incentives to refine the anesthetic management of these patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine