Analysis of variables influencing the average-residual strength of fiber-reinforced concrete

Carol D. Hays, Naveed K. Mohammed, Ronald F. Zollo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The ASTM C 1399, Test Method for Obtaining Average Residual-Strength of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete, became a standard of ASTM International in December 1999. The test method was developed to provide a practical method, both functionally and economically, for evaluating the performance of fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) of any mixture design. The method is a flexure test and the result, the average residual strength (ARS), is a useful parameter in design and quality control testing. The current standard requires a third-point flexural loading-configuration that complies with ASTM C 78, Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam With Third-Point Loading), and net-deflection data analysis. Five factors, consisting of loading configuration, deflection measurement, support apparatus, testing machinery and fiber material type are used as test variables in this research in a testing program suited to the application of a statistical analysis of variance procedure, ANOVA, for their affect on ARS. The results of the test program show that no significant effect is found on the value of ARS computed according to ASTM C 1399 for the modified ASTM C 78, MC78, test apparatus when using either gross or net deflection, or when using third-point or center-point loading. There is a significant effect on the value of ARS computed according to ASTM C 1399 for the ASTM C 78 test apparatus when comparing the same test variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-49
Number of pages13
JournalCement, Concrete and Aggregates
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002



  • Average-residual strength
  • Concrete testing
  • Fiber-reinforced concrete
  • Flexure testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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