Analysis of the voltammetric response of electroactive guests in the presence of non-electroactive hosts at moderate concentrations

Sandra Mendoza, Eduardo Castaño, Yunny Meas, Luis A. Godínez, Angel Kaifer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we present a method to analyze the voltammetric response of reversible redox systems involving molecules that, bearing m non-interactive electroactive sites, can undergo fast complexation equilibria with host molecules present at concentrations of the same order of magnitude as those of the electroactive guest. The approach focuses on systems for which the relative values of the binding constants for the oxidized and reduced forms of the guest result in the displacement of the voltammetric response of the electroactive molecule as the concentration of the host is increased in the electrolytic solution. This behavior is commonly known as "one wave shift behavior". Based on a series of assumptions, the method allows calculation of all the thermodynamic parameters that describe the electrochemical and complexation equilibria of a given host-guest system. The main strength of the suggested method, however, relies on the fact that it only requires cyclic voltammetry data and that it can be used for systems in which large concentrations of the host can not be employed either due to important changes of the ionic strength or to solubility problems. Although the accuracy of the obtained information is limited by the quality of the data provided by the technique, and by the assumptions employed, it certainly represents an excellent starting point for subsequent refinement either using digital simulations or an independent experimental technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1469-1477
Number of pages9
JournalElectroanalysis
Volume16
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Binding constants
  • Electroactive guests
  • Non-electroactive hosts
  • One-wave shift behavior
  • Reversible redox systems
  • Voltammetric responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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