Analysis of subcellular localization of Myo7a, Pcdh15 and Sans in Ush1c knockout mice

Denise Yan, Kazusaku Kamiya, Xiao Mei Ouyang, Xue Zhong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Usher syndrome (USH) is the most frequent cause of combined deaf-blindness in man. An important finding from mouse models and molecular studies is that the USH proteins are integrated into a protein network that regulates inner ear morphogenesis. To understand further the function of harmonin in the pathogenesis of USH1, we have generated a targeted null mutation Ush1c mouse model. Here, we examine the effects of null mutation of the Ush1c gene on subcellular localization of Myo7a, Pcdh15 and Sans in the inner ear. Morphology and proteins distributions were analysed in cochlear sections and whole mount preparations from Ush1c-/- and Ush1c-/+ controls mice. We observed the same distribution of Myo7a throughout the cytoplasm in knockout and control mice. However, we detected Pcdh15 at the base of stereocilia and in the cuticular plate in cochlear hair cells from Ush1c+/- controls, whereas in the knockout Ush1c-/- mice, Pcdh15 staining was concentrated in the apical region of the outer hair cells and no defined staining was detected at the base of stereocilia nor in the cuticular plate. We showed localization of Sans in the stereocilia of controls mouse cochlear hair cells. However, in cochleae from Ush1c-/- mice, strong Sans signals were detected towards the base of stereocilia close to their insertion point into the cuticular plate. Our data indicate that the disassembly of the USH1 network caused by absence of harmonin may have led to the mis-localization of the Protocadherin 15 and Sans proteins in the cochlear hair cells of Ush1c-/- knockout mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-71
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Experimental Pathology
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Deafness
  • Inner ear
  • Knockout mouse
  • Usher 1C
  • Usher syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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