Analysis of correlations between local geographic atrophy growth rates and local OCT angiography-measured choriocapillaris flow deficits

ERIC M. MOULT, YINGYING SHI, QINQIN ZHANG, LIANG WANG, RAHUL MAZUMDER, SIYU CHEN, ZHONGDI CHU, WILLIAM FEUER, NADIA K. WAHEED, GIOVANNI GREGORI, RUIKANG K. WANG, PHILIP J. ROSENFELD, JAMES G. FUJIMOTO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to quantitatively assess correlations between local geographic atrophy (GA) growth rates and local optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)-measured choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficits. Thirty-eight eyes from 27 patients with GA secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) were imaged with a commercial 1050 nm swept-source OCTA instrument at 3 visits, each separated by ∼6 months. Pearson correlations were computed between local GA growth rates, estimated using a biophysical GA growth model, and local OCTA CC flow deficit percentages measured along the GA margins of the baseline visits. The p-values associated with the null hypothesis of no Pearson correlation were estimated using a Monte Carlo permutation scheme that incorporates the effects of spatial autocorrelation. The null hypothesis (Pearson's ρ = 0) was rejected at a Benjamini-Hochberg false discovery rate of 0.2 in 15 of the 114 visit pairs, 11 of which exhibited positive correlations; even amongst these 11 visit pairs, correlations were modest (r in [0.30, 0.53]). The presented framework appears well suited to evaluating other potential imaging biomarkers of local GA growth rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4573-4595
Number of pages23
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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