Analysis of 5-hydroxytryptamine 2C receptor gene promoter variants as alcohol-dependence risk factors

Salim Mottagui-Tabar, Shane McCarthy, Jana Reinemund, Björn Andersson, Claes Wahlestedt, Markus Heilig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To examine whether polymorphic variants of the HTR2C gene are associated with diagnosis of alcohol dependence. Methods: We compared allele frequencies of five HTR2C promoter polymorphisms in a Nordic population of alcohol dependent individuals (Males: n = 309; Females: n = 127) and ethnically matched controls (Males: n = 83; Females: n = 190) in whom alcohol dependence was established, or any diagnosis of substance disorder was excluded, respectively. Patients were further subtyped into Type I (late onset) and Type II (early onset) alcoholics. Results: None of the individual polymorphisms indicated significant association with alcohol dependence. A common promoter haplotype (GAGG) exhibited different distribution frequencies between males and females (Type I), however on Bonferroni's multiple-testing correction, this observation proved to be insignificant. Conclusions: Although we report a lack of association between alcohol dependence and five common promoter polymorphisms, and the constituted haplotypes, the analysis tends to indicate gender and sub-type differences. We suggest that a follow up study with larger sample numbers should be performed to improve the power to detect the genetic influences of HTR2C in alcohol dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-385
Number of pages6
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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