Anal Douche Practices and Willingness to Use a Rectal Microbicide Enema for HIV Prevention and Associated Factors Among an Internet Sample of HIV-Negative and HIV-Discordant Male Couples in the US

Jason W. Mitchell, Amber I. Sophus, Ji Young Lee, Andrew E. Petroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


A significant proportion of MSM acquire HIV from their primary relationship partners. Rectal microbicides are currently being studied to determine their efficacy for HIV prevention, yet willingness to use rectal microbicides among male couples is largely unknown. Dyadic data from 333 HIV-negative and HIV-discordant male couples, representing 631 HIV-negative men, were used to assess anal douching practices and willingness to use a rectal microbicide for HIV prevention. 17 % of men douched 100 % of the time before having anal sex within their primary partner. Among those who had sex outside of their relationship, 36 % had douched 100 % of the time before having anal sex with a casual MSM partner. Most men (63 %) indicated a willingness to use a theoretically effective rectal microbicide prior to anal sex for HIV prevention. If found effective, rectal microbicides delivered as an anal douche may be an acceptable format for HIV prevention to some MSM who already engage in anal douching. Understanding current douching practices will be important in successfully promoting the uptake of rectal microbicides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2578-2587
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016



  • Douche
  • Enema
  • HIV prevention
  • Male couples
  • Microbicide willingness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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