An update of a former FIGO Working Group Report on Management of Posterior Compartment Prolapse

Stergios K. Doumouchtsis, Ali Abdel Raheem, Jorge Milhem Haddad, Cornelia Betschart, Oscar Contreras Ortiz, Christiana C. Nygaard, Carlos A. Medina, Fillippo La Torre, George Iancu, Mauro Cervigni, Giuliano Zanni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: The FIGO Working Group (FWG) in Pelvic Floor Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery (2012–2015) established a consensus among international opinion leaders in evaluating current evidence and providing practice recommendations. Objectives: To provide an update of the previous clinical opinion report on conservative and surgical treatment of posterior compartment prolapse. Search strategy: Search of evidence was performed using Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases up to August 2018. Selection criteria: Controlled trials on posterior colporrhaphy, site-specific defect, transanal, abdominal, laparoscopic, and mesh repair. Data collection and analysis: Collective consensus on surgical outcomes was based on a decision-making process during meetings and multiple group consultations. Main results: Basic evaluation and conservative treatment precede surgical management. Surgical techniques are performed by vaginal, transperineal, transanal, abdominal, or laparoscopic approach. The transvaginal surgical route without mesh appears superior to the transanal route. No conclusions can be drawn based on clinical studies or randomized controlled trials of posterior colporrhaphy and laparoscopic rectopexy. Conclusions: Management of rectocele should include patients’ history, quality of life questionnaires, and, in case of complex anorectal symptoms, imaging and functional studies. Evidence on the best type of posterior vaginal wall repair is still scarce. Randomized controlled trials are needed to determine the best approach to achieve safe, effective, and long-term anatomical and functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-144
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020


  • Enterocele
  • Posterior colporrhaphy
  • Posterior compartment
  • Posterior vaginal wall prolapse
  • Rectocele
  • Site specific defect-repair
  • Transanal repair outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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