An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools

Peter A. Wyman, C. Hendricks Brown, Mark LoMurray, Karen Schmeelk-Cone, Mariya Petrova, Qin Yu, Erin Walsh, Xin Tu, Wel Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

131 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We examined the effectiveness of the Sources of Strength suicide prevention program in enhancing protective factors among peer leaders trained to conduct schoolwide messaging and among the full population of high school students. Methods. Eighteen high schools-6 metropolitan and 12 rural-were randomly assigned to immediate intervention or the wait-list control. Surveys were administered at baseline and 4 months after program implementation to 453 peer leaders in all schools and to 2675 students selected as representative of the 12 rural schools. Results. Training improved the peer leaders' adaptive norms regarding suicide, their connectedness to adults, and their school engagement, with the largest gains for those entering with the least adaptive norms. Trained peer leaders in larger schools were 4 times as likely as were untrained peer leaders to refer a suicidal friend to an adult. Among students, the intervention increased perceptions of adult support for suicidal youths and the acceptability of seeking help. Perception of adult support increased most in students with a history of suicidal ideation. Conclusions. Sources of Strength is the first suicide prevention program involving peer leaders to enhance protective factors associated with reducing suicide at the school population level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1653-1661
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume100
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Fingerprint

Suicide
Students
Suicidal Ideation
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools. / Wyman, Peter A.; Brown, C. Hendricks; LoMurray, Mark; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Petrova, Mariya; Yu, Qin; Walsh, Erin; Tu, Xin; Wang, Wel.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 100, No. 9, 01.09.2010, p. 1653-1661.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wyman, PA, Brown, CH, LoMurray, M, Schmeelk-Cone, K, Petrova, M, Yu, Q, Walsh, E, Tu, X & Wang, W 2010, 'An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 100, no. 9, pp. 1653-1661. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2009.190025
Wyman, Peter A. ; Brown, C. Hendricks ; LoMurray, Mark ; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen ; Petrova, Mariya ; Yu, Qin ; Walsh, Erin ; Tu, Xin ; Wang, Wel. / An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2010 ; Vol. 100, No. 9. pp. 1653-1661.
@article{96f4a26c41ee41648adc6cc947347c06,
title = "An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools",
abstract = "Objectives. We examined the effectiveness of the Sources of Strength suicide prevention program in enhancing protective factors among peer leaders trained to conduct schoolwide messaging and among the full population of high school students. Methods. Eighteen high schools-6 metropolitan and 12 rural-were randomly assigned to immediate intervention or the wait-list control. Surveys were administered at baseline and 4 months after program implementation to 453 peer leaders in all schools and to 2675 students selected as representative of the 12 rural schools. Results. Training improved the peer leaders' adaptive norms regarding suicide, their connectedness to adults, and their school engagement, with the largest gains for those entering with the least adaptive norms. Trained peer leaders in larger schools were 4 times as likely as were untrained peer leaders to refer a suicidal friend to an adult. Among students, the intervention increased perceptions of adult support for suicidal youths and the acceptability of seeking help. Perception of adult support increased most in students with a history of suicidal ideation. Conclusions. Sources of Strength is the first suicide prevention program involving peer leaders to enhance protective factors associated with reducing suicide at the school population level.",
author = "Wyman, {Peter A.} and Brown, {C. Hendricks} and Mark LoMurray and Karen Schmeelk-Cone and Mariya Petrova and Qin Yu and Erin Walsh and Xin Tu and Wel Wang",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2105/AJPH.2009.190025",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "1653--1661",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An outcome evaluation of the sources of strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools

AU - Wyman, Peter A.

AU - Brown, C. Hendricks

AU - LoMurray, Mark

AU - Schmeelk-Cone, Karen

AU - Petrova, Mariya

AU - Yu, Qin

AU - Walsh, Erin

AU - Tu, Xin

AU - Wang, Wel

PY - 2010/9/1

Y1 - 2010/9/1

N2 - Objectives. We examined the effectiveness of the Sources of Strength suicide prevention program in enhancing protective factors among peer leaders trained to conduct schoolwide messaging and among the full population of high school students. Methods. Eighteen high schools-6 metropolitan and 12 rural-were randomly assigned to immediate intervention or the wait-list control. Surveys were administered at baseline and 4 months after program implementation to 453 peer leaders in all schools and to 2675 students selected as representative of the 12 rural schools. Results. Training improved the peer leaders' adaptive norms regarding suicide, their connectedness to adults, and their school engagement, with the largest gains for those entering with the least adaptive norms. Trained peer leaders in larger schools were 4 times as likely as were untrained peer leaders to refer a suicidal friend to an adult. Among students, the intervention increased perceptions of adult support for suicidal youths and the acceptability of seeking help. Perception of adult support increased most in students with a history of suicidal ideation. Conclusions. Sources of Strength is the first suicide prevention program involving peer leaders to enhance protective factors associated with reducing suicide at the school population level.

AB - Objectives. We examined the effectiveness of the Sources of Strength suicide prevention program in enhancing protective factors among peer leaders trained to conduct schoolwide messaging and among the full population of high school students. Methods. Eighteen high schools-6 metropolitan and 12 rural-were randomly assigned to immediate intervention or the wait-list control. Surveys were administered at baseline and 4 months after program implementation to 453 peer leaders in all schools and to 2675 students selected as representative of the 12 rural schools. Results. Training improved the peer leaders' adaptive norms regarding suicide, their connectedness to adults, and their school engagement, with the largest gains for those entering with the least adaptive norms. Trained peer leaders in larger schools were 4 times as likely as were untrained peer leaders to refer a suicidal friend to an adult. Among students, the intervention increased perceptions of adult support for suicidal youths and the acceptability of seeking help. Perception of adult support increased most in students with a history of suicidal ideation. Conclusions. Sources of Strength is the first suicide prevention program involving peer leaders to enhance protective factors associated with reducing suicide at the school population level.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956258921&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77956258921&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2105/AJPH.2009.190025

DO - 10.2105/AJPH.2009.190025

M3 - Article

VL - 100

SP - 1653

EP - 1661

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 9

ER -