An optimal decisional space for the classification of alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment

Qi Zhou, Mohammed Goryawala, Mercedes Cabrerizo, Jin Wang, Warren Barker, David A. Loewenstein, Ranjan Duara, Malek Adjouadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper proposes to combine MRI data with a neuropsychological test, mini-mental state examination (MMSE), as input to a multi-dimensional space for the classification of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and it's prodromal stages - mild cognitive impairment (MCI) including amnestic MCI (aMCI) and nonamnestic MCI (naMCI). The decisional space is constructed using those features deemed statistically significant through an elaborate feature selection and ranking mechanism. FreeSurfer was used to calculate 55 volumetric variables, which were then adjusted for intracranial volume, age and education. The classification results obtained using support vector machines are based on twofold cross validation of 50 independent and randomized runs. The study included 59 AD, 67 aMCI, 56 naMCI, and 127 cognitively normal (CN) subjects. The study shows that MMSE scores contain the most discriminative power of AD, aMCI, and naMCI. For AD versus CN, the two most discriminative volumetric variables (right hippocampus and left inferior lateral ventricle), when combined with MMSE scores, provided an average accuracy of 92.4% (sensitivity: 84.0%; specificity: 96.1%). MMSE scores are found to improve all classifications with accuracy increments of 8.2% and 12% for aMCI versus CN and naMCI versus CN, respectively. Results also show that brain atrophy is almost evenly seen on both sides of the brain for AD subjects, which is different from right-side dominance for aMCI and left-side dominance for naMCI. Furthermore, hippocampal atrophy is seen to be the most significant for aMCI, while Accumbens area and ventricle are most significant for naMCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6762938
Pages (from-to)2245-2253
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume61
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease (AD)
  • brain atrophy
  • mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  • mini-mental state examination (MMSE)
  • neuropsychological test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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