An Open–Label, Randomized, Multi–Center Study Comparing the Sequence of High Dose Aldesleukin (Interleukin–2) and Ipilimumab (Yervoy) in Patients with Metastatic Melanoma

Merve Hasanov, Denái R. Milton, William H. Sharfman, Bret Taback, Lee D. Cranmer, Gregory A. Daniels, Lawrence Flaherty, Sigrun Hallmeyer, Mohammed Milhem, Lynn Feun, Ralph Hauke, Gary Doolittle, Nancy Gregory, Sapna Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Combination immunotherapy with sequential administration may enhance metastatic melanoma (MM) patients with long-term disease control. High Dose Aldesleukin/Recombinant Interleukin-2 (HD rIL-2) and ipilimumab (IPI) offer complementary mechanisms against MM. This phase IV study assessed the sequenced use of HD rIL-2 and IPI in MM patients. Eligible Stage IV MM patients were randomized to treatment with either two courses of HD rIL-2(600,000 IU/kg) followed by four doses of IPI 3 mg/kg or vice-versa. The primary objective was to compare one-year overall survival (OS) with historical control (46%, Hodi et al., NEJM 2010). Secondary objectives were 1-year progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), and adverse events (AEs) profile. Evaluable Population (EP) included patients who received at least 50% of planned treatment with each drug. Thirteen and 16 patients were randomized to receive HD rIL-2 first, and IPI first, respectively. One-year OS rate was 75% for intention to treat population. Eighteen patients were included in EP, 8 in HD rIL-2, 10 in IPI first arm. In EP, 1-year OS, PFS and ORR rates were 87%, 68%, and 50%, respectively. The frequency of AEs was similar in both arms with 13 patients experiencing Grade 3 or higher AEs, 3 resulting in the end of study participation. There was one HD rIL-2-related death, from cerebral hemorrhage due to thrombocytopenia. In this study with small sample size, HD rIL-2 and IPI were safe to administer sequentially in MM patients and showed more than additive effects. 1-year OS was superior to that of IPI alone from historical studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1984059
JournalOncoImmunology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • clinical trial
  • high dose interleukin-2
  • ipilimumab
  • metastatic melanoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology

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