CP-101,606 is a postsynaptic antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors bearing the NR2B subunit. When administered intravenously (i.v.), it decreases the effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and focal ischemia in animal models. Therapeutic plasma concentrations (200 ng/ml) in animals, have been well tolerated in healthy human volunteers. The purpose of the present dose escalation study was to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of CP-101,606 in subjects who had suffered either an acute severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale 3-8) or spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Thirty patients, 20 with a TBI and 10 with a stroke, were enrolled in the trial and began receiving an i.v. Infusion of CP-101,606 for 2 hours, 24 hours, or 72 hours within 12 hours of brain injury. For the first two hours, the drug was given a rate of 0.75 mg/kg/hr and then stopped (n = 17) or continued for 22 (n = 2) or 70 hours (n = 11) at 0.37 mg/kg/hr. Plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were collected at serial times during and after treatment. There were no consistent changes in blood pressure or pulse nor any clinically significant hematological or electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities attributable to CP-101,606. No adverse events or behavioral changes were considered to be related to the drug. Plasma concentrations of CP-101,606 over 200 ng/ml were rapidly achieved in the blood and CSF within two hours and were sustained there as long as the drug was infused. CSF concentrations were slightly higher than that in plasma by the end of infusion suggesting good penetration of CP-101,606 into the CSF. Outcome in the severe TBI patients, as measured by the Glasgow Outcome Score at six months, suggested that a two-hour infusion yielded a range of scores similar to contemporary patients with a severe TBI treated at our hospital while the outcomes of the patients treated with either a 24- or 72-hour infusion were better on average. Thus, these results indicate that CP-101,606 infused for up to 72 hours is well tolerated, penetrates the CSF and brain, and may improve outcome in the brain-injured patient.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science