An old enzyme for current needs: Adenosine deaminase and a dendritic cell vaccine for HIV

Jose M. Martinez-Navio, Nuria Climent, Teresa Gallart, Carme Lluis, Rafael Franco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

After nearly three decades of searching for a vaccine against HIV, a cure for this pandemic disease still remains elusive. The low immunogenicity of the surface proteins and the huge variability of the virus, together with the immunocompromised status of the host, have made developing an HIV vaccine an uphill battle. Over the past few years, both immunogen design and immunization strategies have improved, providing hope for future, although the anti-HIV responses achieved still remain modest. As developing a prophylactic vaccine seems unlikely nowadays, efforts have focused on alternative therapeutic immunization approaches, although these still need to be further optimized. Using an immunomodulator capable of restoring immune function in the context of infection, thereby boosting cell-mediated and humoral responses, could be critical in effectively improving current therapeutic approaches. Adenosine deaminase, a protein with a pivotal role in T-cell co-stimulation, has been shown to robustly enhance specific T-cell responses against HIV in vitro. Although its role in humoral responses has not yet been assessed, genetic defects in this enzyme are associated with impaired cellular and humoral responses. Importantly, this molecule is already commercially available pharmaceutically and, therefore, it fulfils all the requirements to be assayed as an anti-HIV vaccine adjuvant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-600
Number of pages7
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADA
  • adjuvant
  • HIV
  • memory cell
  • Th1
  • vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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