An investigation of path-goal and transformational leadership theory predictions at the individual level of analysis

Chester A. Schriesheim, Stephanie L. Castro, Xiaohua Tracy Zhou, Leslie A. DeChurch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested the recent path-goal leadership theory prediction [House, R.J., 1996. Path-goal theory of leadership: Lessons, legacy, and a reformulated theory. The Leadership Quarterly, 7, 323-352 hat leader contingent reward behavior negatively moderates relationships between transformational leadership and subordinate performance and job satisfaction at the individual level of analysis. Also tested was the prediction that transformational leadership would positively augment the effects of leader contingent reward behavior [Bass, B.M., 1985. Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press]. Confirmatory factor analyses, hierarchical linear multiple regression, and within- and between-entity analyses were employed, along with a sample of 169 social services workers in 40 groups. No evidence was found supporting either the path-goal or additive augmentation hypotheses. However, a positive moderator effect was found for some transformational leader behaviors and the leader contingent reward behavior variable, supporting a form of "augmentation effect" that is not incongruent with Bass's [Bass, B.M., 1985. Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press] approach to transformational leadership. Additionally, strong support was obtained for the level of analysis prediction. Future research directions are briefly considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-38
Number of pages18
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Keywords

  • Additive augmentation effect
  • Leader contingent reward behavior
  • Path-goal leadership theory
  • Transformational leadership
  • Within- and between-entity analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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