An investigation of path-goal and transformational leadership theory predictions at the individual level of analysis

Chester Schriesheim, Stephanie L. Castro, Xiaohua Tracy Zhou, Leslie A. DeChurch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study tested the recent path-goal leadership theory prediction [House, R.J., 1996. Path-goal theory of leadership: Lessons, legacy, and a reformulated theory. The Leadership Quarterly, 7, 323-352 hat leader contingent reward behavior negatively moderates relationships between transformational leadership and subordinate performance and job satisfaction at the individual level of analysis. Also tested was the prediction that transformational leadership would positively augment the effects of leader contingent reward behavior [Bass, B.M., 1985. Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press]. Confirmatory factor analyses, hierarchical linear multiple regression, and within- and between-entity analyses were employed, along with a sample of 169 social services workers in 40 groups. No evidence was found supporting either the path-goal or additive augmentation hypotheses. However, a positive moderator effect was found for some transformational leader behaviors and the leader contingent reward behavior variable, supporting a form of "augmentation effect" that is not incongruent with Bass's [Bass, B.M., 1985. Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press] approach to transformational leadership. Additionally, strong support was obtained for the level of analysis prediction. Future research directions are briefly considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-38
Number of pages18
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Fingerprint

leadership
Bass
Reward
leader
reward
performance
Levels of analysis
Prediction
Leadership theory
Transformational leadership
Job Satisfaction
moderator
Social Work
job satisfaction
mobile social services
Statistical Factor Analysis
Linear Models
worker
regression
Augmentation

Keywords

  • Additive augmentation effect
  • Leader contingent reward behavior
  • Path-goal leadership theory
  • Transformational leadership
  • Within- and between-entity analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

An investigation of path-goal and transformational leadership theory predictions at the individual level of analysis. / Schriesheim, Chester; Castro, Stephanie L.; Zhou, Xiaohua Tracy; DeChurch, Leslie A.

In: Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 1, 02.2006, p. 21-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schriesheim, Chester ; Castro, Stephanie L. ; Zhou, Xiaohua Tracy ; DeChurch, Leslie A. / An investigation of path-goal and transformational leadership theory predictions at the individual level of analysis. In: Leadership Quarterly. 2006 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 21-38.
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