An interplay between forest and non-forest south American avifaunas suggested by a phylogeny of Lepidocolaptes woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptinae)

Jaime García-Moreno, Jose Maria Cardoso da Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Very few South American avian superspecies or species groups are composed of both forest and non-forest taxa. The genus Lepidocolaptes comprises 8-9 species of woodcreepers, most of which are forest birds, but two species, L. angustirostris and L. souleyetii, inhabit open vegetations. Therefore, this genus should play an important role in the discussion about the relationships between forest and non-forest South American avifaunas. Nucleotide sequences from two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome b and ND2, suggest that: (i) L. fuscus should be removed from the genus since its association with other members of this genus is poorly supported. This view has been pointed out also by morphological and behavioural data; (ii) the phylogenetic position of the open-vegetation species within the Lepidocolaptes radiation indicate that the split between forest and non-forest elements within this genus took place as recently as two million years ago. This result suggests that the evolutionary relationships between forest and non-forest biotas in South America may have been more dynamic than previously thought.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-173
Number of pages10
JournalStudies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment
Volume32
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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phylogeny
vegetation
cytochrome b
cytochrome
biota
bird
phylogenetics
nucleotide sequences
gene
birds
organisms
genes

Keywords

  • Biogeography
  • Evolution
  • Lepidocolaptes
  • Phytogeny
  • Speciation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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title = "An interplay between forest and non-forest south American avifaunas suggested by a phylogeny of Lepidocolaptes woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptinae)",
abstract = "Very few South American avian superspecies or species groups are composed of both forest and non-forest taxa. The genus Lepidocolaptes comprises 8-9 species of woodcreepers, most of which are forest birds, but two species, L. angustirostris and L. souleyetii, inhabit open vegetations. Therefore, this genus should play an important role in the discussion about the relationships between forest and non-forest South American avifaunas. Nucleotide sequences from two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome b and ND2, suggest that: (i) L. fuscus should be removed from the genus since its association with other members of this genus is poorly supported. This view has been pointed out also by morphological and behavioural data; (ii) the phylogenetic position of the open-vegetation species within the Lepidocolaptes radiation indicate that the split between forest and non-forest elements within this genus took place as recently as two million years ago. This result suggests that the evolutionary relationships between forest and non-forest biotas in South America may have been more dynamic than previously thought.",
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journal = "Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment",
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AU - García-Moreno, Jaime

AU - Cardoso da Silva, Jose Maria

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Very few South American avian superspecies or species groups are composed of both forest and non-forest taxa. The genus Lepidocolaptes comprises 8-9 species of woodcreepers, most of which are forest birds, but two species, L. angustirostris and L. souleyetii, inhabit open vegetations. Therefore, this genus should play an important role in the discussion about the relationships between forest and non-forest South American avifaunas. Nucleotide sequences from two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome b and ND2, suggest that: (i) L. fuscus should be removed from the genus since its association with other members of this genus is poorly supported. This view has been pointed out also by morphological and behavioural data; (ii) the phylogenetic position of the open-vegetation species within the Lepidocolaptes radiation indicate that the split between forest and non-forest elements within this genus took place as recently as two million years ago. This result suggests that the evolutionary relationships between forest and non-forest biotas in South America may have been more dynamic than previously thought.

AB - Very few South American avian superspecies or species groups are composed of both forest and non-forest taxa. The genus Lepidocolaptes comprises 8-9 species of woodcreepers, most of which are forest birds, but two species, L. angustirostris and L. souleyetii, inhabit open vegetations. Therefore, this genus should play an important role in the discussion about the relationships between forest and non-forest South American avifaunas. Nucleotide sequences from two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome b and ND2, suggest that: (i) L. fuscus should be removed from the genus since its association with other members of this genus is poorly supported. This view has been pointed out also by morphological and behavioural data; (ii) the phylogenetic position of the open-vegetation species within the Lepidocolaptes radiation indicate that the split between forest and non-forest elements within this genus took place as recently as two million years ago. This result suggests that the evolutionary relationships between forest and non-forest biotas in South America may have been more dynamic than previously thought.

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