Recent studies in our laboratory have revealed the existence of an ATP- and calmodulin-dependent Ca2+ uptake system in rat liver nuclei that can promote increases in the free Ca2+ concentration in the nuclear matrix. In the present investigation we show that liver nuclei possess a marked ability to sequester and buffer Ca2+, suggesting a potential role for the nucleus in the regulation of the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration. In addition, we demonstrate that the intracellular messenger, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins-(1,4,5)P3], stimulates the release of a fraction of the nuclear Ca2+ and transiently lowers the intranuclear free Ca2+ concentration. The Ins(1,4,5)P3-stimulated Ca2+ release is followed by Ca2+ reuptake into an inositol phosphate-insensitive nuclear compartment. Together, these results demonstrate that liver nuclei contain, at least, two Ca2+ pools, one of which is releasable by Ins(1,4,5)P3. These findings are consistent with a role for the nucleus in the modulation of the cytosolic free Ca2+ level by agonists and suggest that the control of the nuclear Ca2+ load by second messengers may participate in the regulation of intranuclear Ca2+-dependent processes by hormones and other agents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Sep 1990|
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