An improved method for specific-target preamplification PCR analysis of single blastocysts useful for embryo sexing and high-throughput gene expression analysis

Yao Xiao, Froylan Sosa, Lesley R. de Armas, Li Pan, Peter J. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gene expression analysis in preimplantation embryos has been used for answering fundamental questions related to development, prediction of pregnancy outcome, and other topics. Limited amounts of mRNA in preimplantation embryos hinders progress in studying the preimplantation embryo. Here, a method was developed involving direct synthesis and specific-target preamplification (STA) of cDNA for gene expression analysis in single blastocysts. Effective cell lysis and genomic DNA removal steps were incorporated into the method. In addition, conditions for real-time PCR of cDNA generated from these processes were improved. By using this system, reliable embryo sexing results based on expression of sex-chromosome linked genes was demonstrated. Calibration curve analysis of PCR results using the Fluidigm Biomark microfluidic platform (Fluidigm, South San Francisco, CA) was performed to evaluate 96 STA cDNA from single blastocysts. In total, 93.75% of the genes were validated. Robust amplification was detected even when STA cDNA from a single blastocyst was diluted 1,024-fold. Further analysis showed that within-assay variation increased when cycle threshold values exceeded 18. Overall, STA quantitative real-time PCR analysis was shown to be useful for analysis of gene expression of multiple specific targets in single blastocysts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3722-3735
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of dairy science
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • blastocyst
  • embryo
  • embryo sexing
  • methodology
  • polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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