An examination of the African American experience of everyday discrimination and symptoms of psychological distress

Kira Hudson Banks, Laura P. Kohn-Wood, Michael Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

174 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current theoretical models suggest that the most potent and impacting discrimination experienced by African Americans in the post Jim Crow era are subtle and unconscious forms of discrimination that are experienced on a daily basis. This study investigates the relationship between perceived everyday discrimination and anxiety and depressive symptoms. Further, we examine gender as a moderator of this relationship. Data come from the 1995 Detroit Area Study data with 570 African American respondents. Results indicate that perceived discrimination is directly related to both symptoms of depression and anxiety. Gender moderates the relationship between discrimination and anxiety symptoms, but not discrimination and depressive symptoms. Overall, different patterns of relationships were apparent for men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-570
Number of pages16
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Blacks
  • Discrimination
  • Gender differences
  • Mental health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

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