An Examination of Subordinate-Perceived Relationships Between Leader Reward and Punishment Behavior and Leader Bases of Power

Timothy R. Hinkin, Chester Schriesheim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper extends earlier research on perceived leader reinforcement behavior and its affective and behavioral correlates. The current study examines relationships among subordinate perceptions of our supervisory (“leader”) reinforcement behaviors (contingent and noncontingent reward and punishment behavior) and the five French and Raven (1959) bases of power (reward, coercive, legitimate, expert, and referent power). Based upon the literature, five sets of hypothesized relationships were developed, relating the perceived power bases to the perceived reward and punishment behaviors. Bivariate correlation, stepwise multiple regression, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were performed on data obtained from surveys conducted in two large (N = 375, 297) samples. The results supported the positive effects of subordinate-perceived supervisor contingent reward and punishment behavior and the negative effects of noncontingent punishment on subordinate perceptions of their supervisor's power. Not supported were the moderating effects of time spent in interaction or time under the direction of the supervisor on these relationships. Implications for practicing managers and for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-800
Number of pages22
JournalHuman Relations
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • contingent noncontingent reinforcement
  • power
  • punishment
  • reward

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An Examination of Subordinate-Perceived Relationships Between Leader Reward and Punishment Behavior and Leader Bases of Power'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this