An Examination of Stroke Risk and Burden in South Asians

Vineeta Singh, Shyam Prabhakaran, Seemant Chaturvedi, Aneesh Singhal, Jeyaraj Pandian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: South Asians (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan) are at a disproportionately higher risk of stroke and heart disease due to their cardiometabolic profile. Despite evidence for a strong association between diabetes and stroke, and growing stroke risk in this ethnic minority-notwithstanding reports of higher stroke mortality irrespective of country of residence-the explanation for the excess risk of stroke remains unknown. Methods: We have used extensive literature review, epidemiologic studies, morbidity and mortality records, and expert opinions to examine the burden of stroke among South Asians, and the risk factors identified thus far. Results: We summarize existing evidence and indicate gaps in current knowledge of stroke epidemiology among South Asian natives and immigrants. Conclusions: This research focuses attention on a looming epidemic of stroke mainly due to modifiable risk factors, but also new determinants that might aggravate the effect of vascular risk factors in South Asians causing more disabling strokes and death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 19 2017

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Immigrants
  • Race and ethnicity
  • South Asians
  • Special populations
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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