An Environmental Scan of Indigenous Cultural Safety in Canadian Baccalaureate Nursing and Midwifery Programs

Nicholas Metheny, Claire Dion Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) TRC has called to increase the number of Indigenous practitioners and include cultural competency education in their curricula. However, it remains unknown how nursing and midwifery programs are progressing towards these goals. PURPOSE: To examine the extent to which baccalaureate nursing and midwifery programs are creating culturally safe spaces for Indigenous students, responding to TRC-recommended curricular changes, and including Indigenous content. METHODS: A digital environmental scan of accredited baccalaureate nursing and midwifery programs in Canada was conducted. Analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Of the 107 programs, less than one-fifth (n = 19, 17.8%) met all three cultural safety criteria. More than half (n = 59, 55.1%) included culturally safe spaces for Indigenous students, 20 (18.7%) satisfied TRC call #24 to require Indigenous-relevant coursework, and one-third (n = 36, 33.6%) were seen as infusing their curricula with Indigenous-related content. CONCLUSIONS: This represents the first attempt to systematically catalog nursing and midwifery programs' response to the TRC Calls to Action. Most schools have not made substantial progress towards cultural safety. Nursing and midwifery programs should commit to expanding their cultural safety programming to incorporate multiple ways of knowing and being in their curricula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-425
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Journal of Nursing Research
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • Cultural safety
  • Indigenous
  • midwifery
  • professional nursing/nursing education/nursing administration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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