An effective intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring scheme for aneurysm clipping and spinal fusion surgeries

Mohammed Goryawala, Ilker Yaylali, Mercedes Cabrerizo, Krishnatej Vedala, Malek Adjouadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPs) have been widely used for intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM). Currently at least 200-300 trials are required to generate a readable SSEP signal. This study introduces a novel approach that yields accurate detection results of the SSEP signal yet with a significantly reduced number of trials, resulting in an effectual monitoring process. The analysis was performed on data recorded in seven patients undergoing surgery, where the posterior tibial nerve was stimulated and the SSEP response was recorded from scalp electroencephalography using two bipolar electrodes, C 3-C 4 and C Z-F Z. The proposed approach employs an innovative, simple yet effective algorithm based on a patient-specific Gaussian template to detect the SSEP using only 30 trials. The time latencies of the P37 and N45 peaks are detected along with the peak-to-peak amplitudes. The time latencies are detected with a mean accuracy greater than 95%. Also, the P37 and N45 peak latencies and the peak-to-peak amplitude were found to be consistent throughout the surgical procedure within the 10% and 50% acceptable clinical limits, respectively. The results obtained support the assertion that the algorithm is capable of detecting SSEPs with high accuracy and consistency throughout the entire surgical procedure using only 30 trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number026021
JournalJournal of neural engineering
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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