An assessment of CPR skills using simulation: Are first responders prepared to save lives?

Ruth Everett-Thomas, Mercedes Yero-Aguayo, Beatriz Valdes, Guillermo Valdes, Ilya Shekhter, Lisa F. Rosen, David J. Birnbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The American Heart Association's (AHA) recommendation for biyearly recertification and annual mandatory CPR training may be suboptimal for first responders (nurses and technicians) working in outpatient clinics (American Heart Association, 2013). To determine the efficacy of the AHA guidelines, 40 simulated sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) encounters were conducted followed by debriefing and a subsequent SCA to determine a basic level of CPR proficiency. First responders' CPR skills were evaluated using a 19-item assessment form to quantify the event. A comparison of scores using two different viewing modalities was performed to provide an assessment of the training program. Of the 40 sessions, group mean performance scores for the first encounter were just above the organization's minimum required score of 24. Performance scores increased slightly (27-28) after the second encounter. Proficiency of skills was poor and frequent basic life support training may be indicated to help first responders provide high-quality CPR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalNurse Education in Practice
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills
  • First responders
  • Performance
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education


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