We have developed an antibody fusion protein (anti-rat TfR IgG3-Av) with the ability to deliver different molecules into cancer cells. It consists of avidin genetically fused to the CH3 region of a human IgG3 specific for the rat transferrin receptor. It forms strong, noncovalent interactions with biotinylated molecules such as glucose oxidase and β-galactosidase, and delivers them into the rat myeloma cell line Y3-Ag1.2.3 through receptor-mediated endocytosis. Importantly, the β-galactosidase retains activity after internalization. Furthermore, we have unexpectedly discovered that anti-rat TfR IgG3-Av, but not a recombinant anti-rat TfR IgG3 or a nonspecific IgG3-Av, possesses proapoptotic activities against Y3-Ag1.2.3 and the rat T cell lymphoma cell line C58 (NT) D.1.G.OVAR.1. These activities were not observed in two rat cell lines of nonhematopoietic lineage (bladder carcinoma BC47 and gliosarcoma 9L).Anti-human TfRIgG3-Av also demonstrated proapoptotic activity against the human erythroleukemia cell line K562. Studies showed that anti-rat TfR IgG3-Av exists as a dimer, suggesting that cross-linking of the surface transferrin receptor may be responsible for the cytotoxic activity. These findings demonstrate that it is possible to transform an antibody specific for a growth factor receptor that does not exhibit inhibitory activity into a drug with significant intrinsic cytotoxic activity against selected cells by fusing it with avidin. The antitumor activity may be enhanced by delivering biotinylated therapeutics into cancer cells. Further development of this technology may lead to effective therapeutics for in vivo eradication of hematological malignancies, and ex vivo purging of cancer cells in autologous transplantation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Aug 2002|
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