An analysis of local spatial temperature patterns in the Delhi Metropolitan Area

Shouraseni S Roy, R. Singh, Manoj Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study focuses on spatial patterns of urban heat island (UHI) development within the rapidly changing urban landscape of the Delhi Metropolitan Region (DMR). To determine the role of local environmental factors in the shaping of microclimatic conditions, automated weather sensors were installed at 13 sites for a one-year period from May 2007 to June 2008. The results indicate significant differences in observed near-surface temperatures among the different stations. The UHI effect was more pronounced in the late afternoon and nocturnal hours. The highest temperatures are observed in the northern and western sections of the study area, which overlap with high-density residential and industrial land uses. Furthermore, these areas also experienced extreme high temperatures of prolonged duration during the daytime, increasing heat-related risks in these areas. At the seasonal level, the greatest differences in temperatures were observed during the summer, likely due to the predominantly clear sky conditions. However, areas of higher temperatures were relatively localized during the cooler months of the year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-138
Number of pages25
JournalPhysical Geography
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Fingerprint

metropolitan area
heat island
temperature
clear sky
surface temperature
environmental factor
sensor
land use
summer
analysis
weather condition
effect
station
urban landscape

Keywords

  • Delhi
  • megacity
  • near-surface air temperature
  • urban canopy layer
  • urban heat island

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

An analysis of local spatial temperature patterns in the Delhi Metropolitan Area. / Roy, Shouraseni S; Singh, R.; Kumar, Manoj.

In: Physical Geography, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.03.2011, p. 114-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0202702e602544f088c8f3a70ebddb41,
title = "An analysis of local spatial temperature patterns in the Delhi Metropolitan Area",
abstract = "The present study focuses on spatial patterns of urban heat island (UHI) development within the rapidly changing urban landscape of the Delhi Metropolitan Region (DMR). To determine the role of local environmental factors in the shaping of microclimatic conditions, automated weather sensors were installed at 13 sites for a one-year period from May 2007 to June 2008. The results indicate significant differences in observed near-surface temperatures among the different stations. The UHI effect was more pronounced in the late afternoon and nocturnal hours. The highest temperatures are observed in the northern and western sections of the study area, which overlap with high-density residential and industrial land uses. Furthermore, these areas also experienced extreme high temperatures of prolonged duration during the daytime, increasing heat-related risks in these areas. At the seasonal level, the greatest differences in temperatures were observed during the summer, likely due to the predominantly clear sky conditions. However, areas of higher temperatures were relatively localized during the cooler months of the year.",
keywords = "Delhi, megacity, near-surface air temperature, urban canopy layer, urban heat island",
author = "Roy, {Shouraseni S} and R. Singh and Manoj Kumar",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2747/0272-3646.32.2.114",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "114--138",
journal = "Physical Geography",
issn = "0272-3646",
publisher = "Bellwether Publishing, Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An analysis of local spatial temperature patterns in the Delhi Metropolitan Area

AU - Roy, Shouraseni S

AU - Singh, R.

AU - Kumar, Manoj

PY - 2011/3/1

Y1 - 2011/3/1

N2 - The present study focuses on spatial patterns of urban heat island (UHI) development within the rapidly changing urban landscape of the Delhi Metropolitan Region (DMR). To determine the role of local environmental factors in the shaping of microclimatic conditions, automated weather sensors were installed at 13 sites for a one-year period from May 2007 to June 2008. The results indicate significant differences in observed near-surface temperatures among the different stations. The UHI effect was more pronounced in the late afternoon and nocturnal hours. The highest temperatures are observed in the northern and western sections of the study area, which overlap with high-density residential and industrial land uses. Furthermore, these areas also experienced extreme high temperatures of prolonged duration during the daytime, increasing heat-related risks in these areas. At the seasonal level, the greatest differences in temperatures were observed during the summer, likely due to the predominantly clear sky conditions. However, areas of higher temperatures were relatively localized during the cooler months of the year.

AB - The present study focuses on spatial patterns of urban heat island (UHI) development within the rapidly changing urban landscape of the Delhi Metropolitan Region (DMR). To determine the role of local environmental factors in the shaping of microclimatic conditions, automated weather sensors were installed at 13 sites for a one-year period from May 2007 to June 2008. The results indicate significant differences in observed near-surface temperatures among the different stations. The UHI effect was more pronounced in the late afternoon and nocturnal hours. The highest temperatures are observed in the northern and western sections of the study area, which overlap with high-density residential and industrial land uses. Furthermore, these areas also experienced extreme high temperatures of prolonged duration during the daytime, increasing heat-related risks in these areas. At the seasonal level, the greatest differences in temperatures were observed during the summer, likely due to the predominantly clear sky conditions. However, areas of higher temperatures were relatively localized during the cooler months of the year.

KW - Delhi

KW - megacity

KW - near-surface air temperature

KW - urban canopy layer

KW - urban heat island

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79957477216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79957477216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2747/0272-3646.32.2.114

DO - 10.2747/0272-3646.32.2.114

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79957477216

VL - 32

SP - 114

EP - 138

JO - Physical Geography

JF - Physical Geography

SN - 0272-3646

IS - 2

ER -