Amniotic Fluid and Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Can be Converted to Smooth Muscle Cells in the Cryo-Injured Rat Bladder and Prevent Compensatory Hypertrophy of Surviving Smooth Muscle Cells

Paolo De Coppi, Andrea Callegari, Angela Chiavegato, Lisa Gasparotto, Martina Piccoli, Jenny Taiani, Michela Pozzobon, Luisa Boldrin, Masaru Okabe, Emanuele Cozzi, Anthony Atala, Piergiorgio Gamba, Saverio Sartore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Wound healing of the cryo-injured bladder can bring about organ remodeling because of incomplete reconstitution of depleted smooth muscle cells. Stem cell transplantation could be beneficial to improve smooth muscle cell regeneration and/or modulate the remodeling process. The repair of bladder injury using adult-type stem cells would be useful for adult urological patients but unsuited for neonatal patients, in whom major benefits are likely to derive from fetal-type stem cells. Materials and Methods: The smooth muscle cell differentiation potential of fetal-type vs adult-type stem cells was evaluated by injecting green fluorescent protein labeled mesenchymal stem cells from rat amniotic fluid or bone marrow, respectively, in cryo-injured rat bladder walls. Results: At 30 days after transplantation only a few fetal-type or adult-type mesenchymal stem cells gave rise to enteric or vascular smooth muscle cells, whereas most mesenchymal stem cells appeared incapable of specific differentiation. In vitro co-culture experiments of smooth muscle cells with fetal-type or adult-type mesenchymal stem cells selectively labeled with distinct fluorochromes showed the presence of hybrid cells, suggesting that some mesenchymal stem cells can undergo cell fusion. Surprisingly the major effect of rat bone marrow or amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cell transplantation seemed to be preventing cryo-injury induced hypertrophy of surviving smooth muscle cells. Conclusions: In this model stem cell transplantation has a limited effect on smooth muscle cell regeneration. Instead it can regulate post-injury bladder remodeling, possibly via a paracrine mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-376
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume177
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • bladder
  • cell transplantation
  • muscle
  • nude
  • rats
  • smooth
  • stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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    De Coppi, P., Callegari, A., Chiavegato, A., Gasparotto, L., Piccoli, M., Taiani, J., Pozzobon, M., Boldrin, L., Okabe, M., Cozzi, E., Atala, A., Gamba, P., & Sartore, S. (2007). Amniotic Fluid and Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Can be Converted to Smooth Muscle Cells in the Cryo-Injured Rat Bladder and Prevent Compensatory Hypertrophy of Surviving Smooth Muscle Cells. Journal of Urology, 177(1), 369-376. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2006.09.103