Although several variants of DNA repair genes have been identified, their functional significance has not been determined. Using samples collected from 135 cancer-free women, this study evaluated whether amino acid substitution variants of DNA repair genes contribute to ionizing radiation (IR) susceptibility as measured by prolonged cell cycle G2 delay. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assays were used to determine four genotypes: X-ray repair cross complementing group 1 (XRCC1, exon 6, C/T, 194 Arg/Trp and exon 10, G/A, 399 Arg/Gln), XRCC group 3 (XRCC3, exon 7, C/T, 241 Thr/Met) and apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1, exon 5, T/G, 148 Asp/Glu). Fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis was used to measure cell cycle delay. APE1 (exon 5) genotype was significantly associated with mitotic delay (P = 0.01), with the Glu/Glu genotype having prolonged delay compared with the other two genotypes. The mitotic delay index (mean ± SD) in women with the APE1 codon 148 Asp/Asp, Asp/Glu and Glu/Glu genotypes was 30.95 ± 10.15 (n = 49), 30.65 ± 10.4 (n = 60) and 39.56 ± 13.12 (n = 21), respectively. There was a significant interaction between family history (FH) and APE1 (exon 5) genotype (P = 0.007) as well as FH and XRCC1 (exon 10) genotype (P = 0.005) in mitotic delay. Lastly, prolonged cell cycle delay was significantly associated with number of variant alleles when APE1 Asp148Glu and XRCC1 Arg399Gln genotypes were evaluated in a four-level model (X2 for linear trend = 10.9; P = 0.001). These results suggest that amino acid substitution variants of XRCC1 and APE1 may contribute to IR hypersensitivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research