American Indian Poverty in the Contemporary United States

James J. Davis, Vincent J. Roscigno, George Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little sociological attention over the last two decades has focused on the deprivation experienced by indigenous people. Fusing insights from American Indian history and the race and labor market inequality literatures, we address this gap in this article through a historically informed labor market analysis of poverty-an analysis that considers the pervasiveness of contemporary Native poverty, its potential basis in labor market opportunities, and the extent to which it has been patterned by two major demographic and economic shifts: (1) the rapid urbanization of the American Indian population and (2) the proliferation of tribally owned casinos. Findings reveal, most notably, the incredibly rigid and durable character of poverty for this population, historically and currently and across geographic space, and with little overall impact of local labor market opportunity. The presence of tribal casinos reduces such poverty, but only to a small degree and not nearly enough to compensate for sizable American Indian and white poverty differentials. Group history is key, we conclude, to shaping how space, labor markets, and economic development reduce or buttress relations of inequality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-28
Number of pages24
JournalSociological Forum
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

American Indian
labor market
poverty
labor economics
history
deprivation
proliferation
urbanization
economics
Group

Keywords

  • American Indian
  • Casinos
  • Inequality
  • Labor markets
  • Poverty
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

American Indian Poverty in the Contemporary United States. / Davis, James J.; Roscigno, Vincent J.; Wilson, George.

In: Sociological Forum, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.03.2016, p. 5-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, James J. ; Roscigno, Vincent J. ; Wilson, George. / American Indian Poverty in the Contemporary United States. In: Sociological Forum. 2016 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 5-28.
@article{0b112dfac41e491eb6642271e9aade73,
title = "American Indian Poverty in the Contemporary United States",
abstract = "Little sociological attention over the last two decades has focused on the deprivation experienced by indigenous people. Fusing insights from American Indian history and the race and labor market inequality literatures, we address this gap in this article through a historically informed labor market analysis of poverty-an analysis that considers the pervasiveness of contemporary Native poverty, its potential basis in labor market opportunities, and the extent to which it has been patterned by two major demographic and economic shifts: (1) the rapid urbanization of the American Indian population and (2) the proliferation of tribally owned casinos. Findings reveal, most notably, the incredibly rigid and durable character of poverty for this population, historically and currently and across geographic space, and with little overall impact of local labor market opportunity. The presence of tribal casinos reduces such poverty, but only to a small degree and not nearly enough to compensate for sizable American Indian and white poverty differentials. Group history is key, we conclude, to shaping how space, labor markets, and economic development reduce or buttress relations of inequality.",
keywords = "American Indian, Casinos, Inequality, Labor markets, Poverty, Race",
author = "Davis, {James J.} and Roscigno, {Vincent J.} and George Wilson",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/socf.12226",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "5--28",
journal = "Sociological Forum",
issn = "0884-8971",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - American Indian Poverty in the Contemporary United States

AU - Davis, James J.

AU - Roscigno, Vincent J.

AU - Wilson, George

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Little sociological attention over the last two decades has focused on the deprivation experienced by indigenous people. Fusing insights from American Indian history and the race and labor market inequality literatures, we address this gap in this article through a historically informed labor market analysis of poverty-an analysis that considers the pervasiveness of contemporary Native poverty, its potential basis in labor market opportunities, and the extent to which it has been patterned by two major demographic and economic shifts: (1) the rapid urbanization of the American Indian population and (2) the proliferation of tribally owned casinos. Findings reveal, most notably, the incredibly rigid and durable character of poverty for this population, historically and currently and across geographic space, and with little overall impact of local labor market opportunity. The presence of tribal casinos reduces such poverty, but only to a small degree and not nearly enough to compensate for sizable American Indian and white poverty differentials. Group history is key, we conclude, to shaping how space, labor markets, and economic development reduce or buttress relations of inequality.

AB - Little sociological attention over the last two decades has focused on the deprivation experienced by indigenous people. Fusing insights from American Indian history and the race and labor market inequality literatures, we address this gap in this article through a historically informed labor market analysis of poverty-an analysis that considers the pervasiveness of contemporary Native poverty, its potential basis in labor market opportunities, and the extent to which it has been patterned by two major demographic and economic shifts: (1) the rapid urbanization of the American Indian population and (2) the proliferation of tribally owned casinos. Findings reveal, most notably, the incredibly rigid and durable character of poverty for this population, historically and currently and across geographic space, and with little overall impact of local labor market opportunity. The presence of tribal casinos reduces such poverty, but only to a small degree and not nearly enough to compensate for sizable American Indian and white poverty differentials. Group history is key, we conclude, to shaping how space, labor markets, and economic development reduce or buttress relations of inequality.

KW - American Indian

KW - Casinos

KW - Inequality

KW - Labor markets

KW - Poverty

KW - Race

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959286343&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84959286343&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/socf.12226

DO - 10.1111/socf.12226

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84959286343

VL - 31

SP - 5

EP - 28

JO - Sociological Forum

JF - Sociological Forum

SN - 0884-8971

IS - 1

ER -