Objectives: To evaluate whether the combined application of preoperative localization and intraoperative monitoring of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels could facilitate sate outpatient parathyroidectomy. Design: Consecutive patients, who had no antecedent social or medical conditions mandating hospitalization, were prospectively offered ambulatory parathyroidectomy with a mean follow-up of 7 months (range, 1-25 months). Setting: Tertiary care referral center. Patients: From 85 patients who had primary hyperparathyroidism with hypercalcemia and elevated iPTH levels, 57 were offered outpatient parathyroidectomy. Nineteen patients were asymptomatic, 3 had hypercalcemic crisis, and the others gave a history of renal stones or had complaints consistent with bone disease. Interventions: Technetium Tc 99m sestamibi scintiscans were used for preoperative localization. Monitoring iPTH levels during parathyroidectomy quantitatively assured the surgeon (G.L.I. only) when all hyperfunctioning glands were excised. Main Outcome Measure: The number of patients with out complications and with short operative times who were discharged without hospital admission or over night stay. Results: The combination of preoperative localization of abnormal parathyroid glands and a decline in circulating iPTH levels predicting postoperative normocalcemia after excision of all hyperfunctioning glands resulted in successful parathyroidectomy in 84 of 85 patients. A decreased operative time (average, 52 minutes) with minimal neck dissection permitted outpatient parathyroidectomy in 42 of 57 eligible patients. Conclusions: The combination of preoperative parathyroid scintiscan localization and iPTH level monitoring during surgery, permitted successful parathyroidectomy in an ambulatory setting in half of a consecutive series of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. The safety, success, and likely cost savings of this approach suggest wider application.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Archives of Surgery|
|State||Published - Oct 1996|
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