Aluminum chloride stimulates NACl-dependent release of taurine and γ-aminobutyric acid in rat cortical astrocytes

Jan Albrecht, Michael D Norenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The release of preloaded radiolabeled taurine (TAU) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from cultured rat cortical astrocytes was monitored 15 min before and 30 min after pulse treatment with aluminum chloride, at 5 min intervals. AlCl3 at concentrations ranging from 0.125 to 1 mM stimulated TAU release to 252 and 519%, respectively, in a relatively dose-dependent manner. Release of GABA was not affected by 0.5 mM but was almost doubled by 1 mM AlCl3. The effects of AlCl3 were greatly diminished or abolished when isotonic sucrose was substituted for NaCl in the superfusion media. Interaction of Al3+ ions with membrane transporters of amino acids is suggested to account for their increased release. Possible neurophysiological consequences of the acute effects of aluminum on the neuroactive amino acid transport in astrocytes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-129
Number of pages5
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

Aminobutyrates
Taurine
Astrocytes
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Amino Acids
Membrane Transport Proteins
Aluminum
Sucrose
Ions
aluminum chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Aluminum chloride stimulates NACl-dependent release of taurine and γ-aminobutyric acid in rat cortical astrocytes. / Albrecht, Jan; Norenberg, Michael D.

In: Neurochemistry International, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.01.1991, p. 125-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{92c6b9abc77a48eaa0df08dba3f33cbf,
title = "Aluminum chloride stimulates NACl-dependent release of taurine and γ-aminobutyric acid in rat cortical astrocytes",
abstract = "The release of preloaded radiolabeled taurine (TAU) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from cultured rat cortical astrocytes was monitored 15 min before and 30 min after pulse treatment with aluminum chloride, at 5 min intervals. AlCl3 at concentrations ranging from 0.125 to 1 mM stimulated TAU release to 252 and 519{\%}, respectively, in a relatively dose-dependent manner. Release of GABA was not affected by 0.5 mM but was almost doubled by 1 mM AlCl3. The effects of AlCl3 were greatly diminished or abolished when isotonic sucrose was substituted for NaCl in the superfusion media. Interaction of Al3+ ions with membrane transporters of amino acids is suggested to account for their increased release. Possible neurophysiological consequences of the acute effects of aluminum on the neuroactive amino acid transport in astrocytes are discussed.",
author = "Jan Albrecht and Norenberg, {Michael D}",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0197-0186(91)90045-F",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "125--129",
journal = "Neurochemistry International",
issn = "0197-0186",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aluminum chloride stimulates NACl-dependent release of taurine and γ-aminobutyric acid in rat cortical astrocytes

AU - Albrecht, Jan

AU - Norenberg, Michael D

PY - 1991/1/1

Y1 - 1991/1/1

N2 - The release of preloaded radiolabeled taurine (TAU) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from cultured rat cortical astrocytes was monitored 15 min before and 30 min after pulse treatment with aluminum chloride, at 5 min intervals. AlCl3 at concentrations ranging from 0.125 to 1 mM stimulated TAU release to 252 and 519%, respectively, in a relatively dose-dependent manner. Release of GABA was not affected by 0.5 mM but was almost doubled by 1 mM AlCl3. The effects of AlCl3 were greatly diminished or abolished when isotonic sucrose was substituted for NaCl in the superfusion media. Interaction of Al3+ ions with membrane transporters of amino acids is suggested to account for their increased release. Possible neurophysiological consequences of the acute effects of aluminum on the neuroactive amino acid transport in astrocytes are discussed.

AB - The release of preloaded radiolabeled taurine (TAU) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from cultured rat cortical astrocytes was monitored 15 min before and 30 min after pulse treatment with aluminum chloride, at 5 min intervals. AlCl3 at concentrations ranging from 0.125 to 1 mM stimulated TAU release to 252 and 519%, respectively, in a relatively dose-dependent manner. Release of GABA was not affected by 0.5 mM but was almost doubled by 1 mM AlCl3. The effects of AlCl3 were greatly diminished or abolished when isotonic sucrose was substituted for NaCl in the superfusion media. Interaction of Al3+ ions with membrane transporters of amino acids is suggested to account for their increased release. Possible neurophysiological consequences of the acute effects of aluminum on the neuroactive amino acid transport in astrocytes are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026025423&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026025423&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0197-0186(91)90045-F

DO - 10.1016/0197-0186(91)90045-F

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0026025423

VL - 18

SP - 125

EP - 129

JO - Neurochemistry International

JF - Neurochemistry International

SN - 0197-0186

IS - 1

ER -