Alterations in T-cell receptor Vβ repertoire of CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children

Monica Kharbanda, Thomas W. McCloskey, Rajendra Pahwa, Mei Sun, Savita Pahwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perturbations in the T-cell receptor (TCR) Vβ repertoire were assessed in the CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children who were receiving therapy during the chronic phase of infection by flow cytometry (FC) and PCR analysis. By FC, representation of 21 TCR Vgb subfamilies was assessed for an increased or decreased percentage in CD4 and CD8 T cells, and by PCR, 22 TCR Vβ subfamilies of CD4 and CD8 T cells were analyzed by CDR3 spectratyping for perturbations and reduction in the number of peaks, loss of Gaussian distribution, or clonal dominance. The majority of the TCR Vβ subfamilies were examined by both methods and assessed for deviation from the norm by comparison with cord blood samples. The CD8-T-lymphocyte population exhibited more perturbations than the CD4 subset, and clonal dominance was present exclusively in CD8 T cells. Of the 55 total CD8-TCR Vβ families classified with clonal dominance by CDR3 spectratyping, only 18 of these exhibited increased expression by FC. Patients with high numbers of CD8-TCR Vβ families with decreased percentages had reduced percentages of total CD4 T cells. Increases in the number of CD4-TCR Vβ families with increased percentages showed a positive correlation with skewing. Overall, changes from normal were often discordant between the two methods. This study suggests that the assessment of HIV-induced alterations in TCR Vβ families at cellular and molecular levels yields different information and that our understanding of the immune response to HIV is still evolving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

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