Alpha-synuclein cortical Lewy bodies correlate with dementia in Parkinson's disease

Howard I. Hurtig, J. Q. Trojanowski, J. Galvin, D. Ewbank, M. L. Schmidt, V. M.Y. Lee, C. M. Clark, G. Glosser, M. B. Stern, S. M. Gollomp, S. E. Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

483 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dementia is a frequent complication of idiopathic parkinsonism or PD, usually occurring later in the protracted course of the illness. The primary site of neuropathologic change in PD is the substantia nigra, but the neuropathologic and molecular basis of dementia in PD is less clear. Although Alzheimer's pathology has been a frequent finding, recent advances in immunostaining of α-synuclein have suggested the possible importance of cortical Lewy bodies (CLBs) in the brains of demented patients with PD. Methods: The brains of 22 demented and 20 nondemented patients with a clinical and neuropathologic diagnosis of PD were evaluated with standard neuropathologic techniques. In addition, CLBs and dystrophic neurites were identified immunohistochemically with antibodies specific for α-synuclein and ubiquitin; plaques and tangles were identified by staining with thioflavine S. Associations between dementia status and pathologic markers were tested with logistic regression. Results: CLBs positive for α-synuclein are highly sensitive (91%) and specific (90%) neuropathologic markers of dementia in PD and slightly more sensitive than ubiquitin-positive CLBs. They are better indicators of dementia than neurofibrillary tangles, amyloid plaques, or dystrophic neurites. Conclusion: CLBs detected by α-synuclein antibodies in patients with PD are a more sensitive and specific correlate of dementia than the presence of Alzheimer's pathology, which was present in a minority of the cases in this series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1916-1921
Number of pages6
JournalNeurology
Volume54
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 23 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AD
  • Dementia
  • Lewy body
  • PD
  • Ubiquitin
  • α-Synuclein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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