We have investigated the cellular and molecular requirement for optimal proliferative responses of several alloreactive T cell lines that were derived from individual soft agar colonies and were specific for guinea pig Ia antigens. Optimal proliferation of several colonies was observed in cultures containing purified allogeneic macrophages and growth factor(s) present in supernatant fluids of Con A-activated T cells (Con A-S). Significant proliferative responses of these alloreactive T cell colonies were also routinely detected in cultures only supplemented with unfractionated irradiated allogeneic peritoneal exudate cell (PEC). The T cell component of the stimulator cell population was crucial for these responses by producing necessary growth factor(s) endogenously in the culture. Thus, 2 signals, allogeneic Ia antigens and growth factor(s), were required for optimal proliferative responses of these alloreactive T cell colonies. Furthermore, macrophage-associated Ia antigen was more efficient than B cell-associated Ia for these responses. The requirement for allogeneic Ia antigen was not absolute, since the colonies could easily be expanded when the cultures were supplemented with irradiated syngeneic PEC and the T cell mitogens, Con A or PHA. The effect of the mitogen was mediated via the T cells in the irradiated PEC, since removal of the T cells from these PEC markedly reduced the responses. Thus, it is likely that a nonspecific signal(s) presumably from T cells can promote proliferation of alloreactive T cell colonies in the absence of allogeneic Ia antigen. These results suggest 2 mechanisms of activation of these alloreactive T cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy