The oncologic and functional outcomes of six patients who had scapular allograft reconstruction after scapulectomy for malignant tumors were reviewed. Five patients had Stage IIB and one patient had Stage IB tumors. Total scapulectomy was done in five patients, and partial scapulectomy (glenoid and neck) was done in one patient. Frozen glycerolized scapular allografts were implanted and fixed with plates and screws. The scapular muscles were reattached to the allograft. Tendon reconstruction to replace the excised muscles was done in two patients. The patients were followed up for an average of 3.8 years (range, 2-6 years). Cosmesis, elbow, and hand function were good in all patients. There were no infections, nonunions, or shoulder dislocations. One patient fractured the body of the allograft after a fall. One patient had local recurrence and had scapulectomy 5 years postoperatively. Two patients died 3 and 5 years postoperatively with lung metastases but with functioning grafts. The mean functional result using the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society functional score was 82 (range, 77-87). In this series, scapular allograft reconstruction restored cosmesis, shoulder stability, and function. Preservation or reconstruction of rotator cuff muscles is recommended.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine