Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes

Bruce J. Hinds, Nitin Chopra, Terry Rantell, Rodney Andrews, Vasilis Gavalas, Leonidas G Bachas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1045 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An array of aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was incorporated across a polymer film to form a well-ordered nanoporous membrane structure. This membrane structure was confirmed by electron microscopy, anisotropic electrical conductivity, gas flow, and ionic transport studies. The measured nitrogen permeance was consistent with the flux calculated by Knudsen diffusion through nanometer-scale tubes of the observed microstructure. Data on Ru(NH 3)6 3+ transport across the membrane in aqueous solution also indicated transport through aligned CNT cores of the observed microstructure. The lengths of the nanotubes within the polymer film were reduced by selective electrochemical oxidation, allowing for tunable pore lengths. Oxidative trimming processes resulted in carboxylate end groups that were readily functionalized at the entrance to each CNT inner core. Membranes with CNT tips that were functionalized with biotin showed a reduction in Ru(NH3)6 3+ flux by a factor of 15 when bound with streptavidin, thereby demonstrating the ability to gate molecular transport through CNT cores for potential applications in chemical separations and sensing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-65
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume303
Issue number5654
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Membranes
Polymers
Nanotubes
Electric Conductivity
Streptavidin
Biotin
Electron Microscopy
Nitrogen
Gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Hinds, B. J., Chopra, N., Rantell, T., Andrews, R., Gavalas, V., & Bachas, L. G. (2004). Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes. Science, 303(5654), 62-65. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1092048

Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes. / Hinds, Bruce J.; Chopra, Nitin; Rantell, Terry; Andrews, Rodney; Gavalas, Vasilis; Bachas, Leonidas G.

In: Science, Vol. 303, No. 5654, 02.01.2004, p. 62-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hinds, BJ, Chopra, N, Rantell, T, Andrews, R, Gavalas, V & Bachas, LG 2004, 'Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes', Science, vol. 303, no. 5654, pp. 62-65. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1092048
Hinds BJ, Chopra N, Rantell T, Andrews R, Gavalas V, Bachas LG. Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes. Science. 2004 Jan 2;303(5654):62-65. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1092048
Hinds, Bruce J. ; Chopra, Nitin ; Rantell, Terry ; Andrews, Rodney ; Gavalas, Vasilis ; Bachas, Leonidas G. / Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes. In: Science. 2004 ; Vol. 303, No. 5654. pp. 62-65.
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