The mediastinum contains essentially all major intrathoracic organs except for the lungs. A variety of both benign and malignant tumors can involve the mediastinum, of which lymphoma is the most common malignancy. Compared to secondary mediastinal involvement by systemic lymphomas, primary mediastinal lymphomas are less common with several specific entities that are mainly confined to mediastinal lymph nodes, and/or thymus. This review will summarize the clinical, histologic, immunophenotypic and molecular genetic features of the most common and most aggressive primary mediastinal lymphomas as well as provide suggested immunohistochemistry panels and differential diagnoses.
- Gray zone lymphoma
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- Primary mediastinal (thymic) large B-cell lymphoma
- T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine