Aerosolization of P2Y2-receptor agonists enhances mucociliary clearance in sheep

J. R. Sabater, Y. M. Mao, C. Shaffer, M. K. James, T. G. O'Riordan, W. M. Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether aerosolized INS316 (UTP) stimulates lung mucociliary clearance (MCC) in sheep and, if so, to compare its effects with INS365, a novel P2Y2-receptor agonist. In the first series of studies, we used a previously described roentgenographic technique to measure tracheal mucus velocity (TMV), an index of MCC, before and for 4 h after aerosolization of INS316 (10-1 M and 10-2 M) and INS365 (10-1 M and 10-2 M), or normal saline in a randomized crossover fashion (n = 6). In a second series of studies, we compared the ability of these agents to enhance total lung clearance. For these tests, the clearance of inhaled technetium-labeled human serum albumin was measured serially over a 2-h period after aerosolization of 10-1 M concentration of each agent (n = 7). Aerosolization of both P2Y2-receptor agonists induced significant dose- related increases in TMV (P < 0.05) compared with saline. The greatest increase in TMV was observed between 15 and 30 min after drug treatment. The highest dose (10-1 M) of INS316 produced a greater overall stimulation of TMV than did INS365 (10-1 M). Both compounds, compared with saline, induced a significant increase in MCC (P < 0.05) within 20 min of treatment. This enhancement in MCC began to plateau at 60 min. Although the response to INS316 started earlier, there was no significant difference between the clearance curves for the two compounds. We conclude that inhaled P2Y2- receptor agonists can increase lung MCC in sheep and that for P2Y2-receptor stimulation TMV accurately reflects changes in whole lung MCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2191-2196
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume87
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Keywords

  • Airway receptors
  • Pharmacology
  • Total lung clearance
  • Tracheal mucus velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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    Sabater, J. R., Mao, Y. M., Shaffer, C., James, M. K., O'Riordan, T. G., & Abraham, W. M. (1999). Aerosolization of P2Y2-receptor agonists enhances mucociliary clearance in sheep. Journal of applied physiology, 87(6), 2191-2196.